You hope that when you send your child off to school that they will come home as healthy as they were when they left. Unfortunately, there are risks at school just like in any other walk of life. We have seen that some of the scariest and most horrifying things can happen at school – witness the random and barbaric shooting of students by kids armed with guns.
The law states that when your child is in the control of the school that they are acting in "loco parentis" – that is they are acting in your place as a parent, which means that they must act reasonably. The most typical case occurs when your child is hit or injured by another student – sometimes the class bully.
The key to proving this case is to show what we call "notice." That is, that the school officials knew of the violent propensities of the other student and did nothing about it. How this works is during the course of the litigation is that your lawyer asks for records regarding the assailant's history in the school and whether there have been any prior reported incidents. If there were previous events that is good for your case, if not, that still may not be the end of the road. Assume a teacher leaves a group of kids unattended in a room and a fight breaks out –it was not very good judgment on the teacher's part to leave the students unsupervised and that can lead to the school being liable.